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美国学术组织联名谴责特朗普将伊朗文化遗址作为攻击目标

2020-01-08 09:52

来源:新东方网

作者:

  美国十五个学术组织联名谴责特朗普将伊朗文化遗址作为攻击目标。1月3日,美国发动空袭击杀伊朗指挥官苏莱曼尼(Qassem Soleimani),导致美伊局势陷入紧张。伊朗最高领导人哈梅内伊(Ayatollah Khamenei)表示将为苏莱曼尼的死进行“严厉的报复”。而特朗普则在推特上回应,如果伊朗实施报复,美国随时可以用世界上最好的武器装备应战,并表示目前已对准52个伊朗地点,其中包括文化遗址。

特朗普再警告伊朗 若果美国遇袭将迅速全力反击

  伊朗官员Javad Zarif在推特上表示,特朗普将文化遗址设为攻击目标违反了战争法。

  1月6日,美国十五个人类学、考古学、文学相关的学术组织联名谴责特朗普将文化遗址作为攻击目标,同样认为此举触犯了战争法。以下是学术组织的声明,并呼吁更多学者加入进来。

  Targeting Cultural Sites is a War Crime

  On behalf of more than 50,000 scholars and researchers in the humanities and social sciences, our scholarly and professional societies call upon people throughout the US and, indeed, around the world to remind the President of the United States that targeting cultural sites for military activity is a war crime except under the narrowest of circumstances, and cannot be justified under any circumstances.

  The President has threatened via Twitter to target 52 sites in Iran, including cultural sites, if Iran retaliates for the assassination of Iranian general Qasem Soleimani, and he has reiterated that such an action is appropriate even after members of his administration attempted to express restraint. Whatever other efforts are underway to de-escalate hostilities and pursue diplomacy, the Administration must be dissuaded from continuing to threaten cultural sites and civilians.

  Cultural sites at risk of damage or destruction by military activity are irreplaceable and result in a loss to civilization, history, and human understanding. The US Department of Defense has gone to extraordinary lengths to coordinate with knowledgeable experts over the past two decades to protect cultural sites in the region. This apparent reversal of strategy is misguided, short-sighted, and will only serve to enrage the Iranian people, for whom the President himself has professed his personal admiration.

  Destruction of cultural sites, like the targeting of civilians and noncombatants, must never be considered as a military objective. Please let the administration know how you feel about this issue, and let your Congressional delegation know as well using the form embedded at the bottom of this page.

  American Anthropological Association

  Archaeological Institute of America

  Coalition for American Heritage

  Society for American Archaeology

  Society for Applied Anthropology

  Modern Language Association

  Penn Cultural Heritage Center, University of Pennsylvania

  Society for Biblical Literature

  Society for Classical Studies

  Medieval Academy of America

  Society of Architectural Historians

  Ethnographic Praxis in Industry Community

  Middle East Studies Association

  American Folklore Society

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