新东方网>留学>留学生活>风土人情>正文

复活节为什么叫Easter 聊聊这个名字的由来

2019-04-17 10:20

来源:维基百科

作者:

2019年各国节假日一览

  马上又到复活节了。复活节是基督教的重要节日之一。复活节的英文是Easter。那复活节为什么叫Easter呢?复活节名字的来源是什么呢?

  [推荐阅读:各国复活节都怎么放假(中英文)]

  根据维基百科的介绍,the modern English term Easter, cognate with modern Dutch ooster and German Ostern, developed from an Old English word that usually appears in the form Ēastrun, -on, or -an; but also as Ēastru, -o; and Ēastre or Ēostre. The most widely accepted theory of the origin of the term is that it is derived from the name of an Old English goddess mentioned by the 7th to 8th-century English monk Bede, who wrote that Ēosturmōnaþ (Old English 'Month of Ēostre', translated in Bede's time as "Paschal month") was an English month, corresponding to April, which he says "was once called after a goddess of theirs named Ēostre, in whose honour feasts were celebrated in that month".

  In Latin and Greek, the Christian celebration was, and still is, called Pascha (Greek: Πάσχα), a word derived from Aramaic פסחא (Paskha), cognate to Hebrew פֶּסַח (Pesach). The word originally denoted the Jewish festival known in English as Passover, commemorating the Jewish Exodus from slavery in Egypt. As early as the 50s of the 1st century, Paul, writing from Ephesus to the Christians in Corinth, applied the term to Christ, and it is unlikely that the Ephesian and Corinthian Christians were the first to hear Exodus 12 interpreted as speaking about the death of Jesus, not just about the Jewish Passover ritual. In most of the non-English speaking world, the feast is known by names derived from Greek and Latin Pascha. Pascha is also a name by which Jesus himself is remembered in the Orthodox Church, especially in connection with his resurrection and with the season of its celebration.

  复活节名称乃自教会拉丁语的“Pascha”转换而来(由于pascua(nourriture,食物)一词的影响,从pascere(paître,喂食、放养)这个拉丁动词里来的),原本是从希腊语里的πάσχα(páskha)借用而来,而这个希腊词本身则是从希伯来语פסח(Pessa'h,超越[par-dessus由…之上])里借用的,源自passage(过路/道),即指犹太人的逾越节,这词同时含有纪念当年以色列人出埃及的意义。根据圣经福音记载,在这个犹太节期间,耶稣基督复活了;这是为什么这个名称被用在基督徒的节日上。

新东方网托福官方微信:新东方托福 (微信号:xdftoefl

最新考试资讯、托福预测、托福解析,请扫一扫二维码,关注我们的官方微信! 

新东方留学考试辅导专区

班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

焦点推荐

精品直播

版权及免责声明

凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。